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Sunday, October 12, 2014



Some time ago I blogged on a soldier in the 3rd Battalion for which I possessed a medal grouping, who came from the Town of Fenelon Falls, As we had a summer home outside of Omemee, I became acquainted with the names on the Omemee Cenotaph which led me to the Halifax Memorial and an aboriginal soldier who perished in the Halifax Explosion (Adam Sandy). I have added to and embellished the list provided in the book County of Victoria Centennial History Watson Kirkconnell, 1921, 1967 (Revised), Lindsay.
Canada, as part of the British Empire, became involved August 4, 1914. A First Contingent of 33,000 men was mobilized at Valcartier, near Quebec, and sailed for England on the 3rd of October. This prompt achievement was chiefly due to the personal energy of the Minister of Militia, Sir Sam Hughes, Of Lindsay.

With the First Contingent went a detachment of 75 men from Victoria County under Lieut. Col. F.H. Hopkins, Lieut. Walter Kirkconnell, Lieut. W.W. Wilson, and Lieut. George Weeks.

The Second and subsequent Canadian Contingents did not cross to England intact. The volunteer system was practiced until June, 1917, and yielded 450,000 enlistments. The government then enforced conscription and secured 100,000 more recruits. 

The chief contributions of Victoria County after the First Contingent had left were to the 21st, 39th, 109th, and 252nd Battalions. “F” Company of the 21st Battalion, (Second Contingent) contained 110 local men. The 39th Battalion had a somewhat smaller number. The 109th Battalion, commanded by Lt. Col. J.J.H. Fee, was actually mobilized in Lindsay and reached a strength of 1050 in the spring of 1916. The 252nd Battalion, under Lt. Col. J.J. Glass, was not so successful, for it was organized in the lean days when voluntary enlistment was petering out. Many other Victoria County boys enlisted in units elsewhere so that the rolls of the local units would not be at all representative. An authoritative list of all who enlisted from this county could easily be compiled but would violate the proportions of a brief history of this sort. 


It has been thought wise, however, to include the following list of over 200 heroes from this county who gave their lives for the cause of righteousness. The basis of this record is a list which I have prepared from the official files of the Patriotic Fund, which included all cases where the soldier had designated Victoria County as the home of his next-of-kin. To this definite nucleus I have added many names, gleaned from miscellaneous sources, of those who once claimed this county as their home but had been transplanted elsewhere prior to enlistment. The list is as follows:
Adam, Charles, 434640, Cpl., 50th Bn.,19/11/1016, Lindsay?
Aldous,Thomas G., #725507,Pte.,38th Bn., 09/04/1917,Fenelon Falls.
Alldred, Wilbert P., #725527, 38th L/Cpl., 27/03/1918, Bobcaygeon.
Allen, John, #724001, RSM, 124th Bn., 09/08/1918, Lindsay.
Allin, Elton Culbert, Lt., 44th Bn., 203rd Bn.,09/05/1917, Lindsay.
Alton, William Richard,#3036781,Pte.,1st E.O.R.,25/08/1918,Victoria Road.
Arscott, Thomas Albert, #724687, Pte., 20th Bn.,09/04/1917, Bobcaygeon.
Akister, George W., #427822, Pte., 28th Bn., 15/09/1916, Fenelon Falls.
Anderson, William Kay, Lt., RFC, 07/01/1918, Lindsay.
Andrews, Harry William, #724700, Private, 20th Bn.,09/08/1917,Lindsay.
Angiers, Patrick Herbert, #726136,Private,38th Bn., 21/07/1918, Coboconk.
Arnold, Oliver Samuel, #104111, Private,116th Bn.,22/08/1917,Mariposa Tp.
Bailey, Joseph Panet(M.M.), #145742, Lt., 38th Bn., 02/09/1918, Lindsay.
Bailey, William Edward, #725612, Pte., 20th Bn.,13/08/1918, Bexley.
Barge, Alfred Arthur, #455260, Private, 2nd Bn., 27/09/1918, Mariposa Tp.
Barjarow, Tracy E., #724520, 18, Pte., 38th Bn., 09/04/1917, Coboconk.
Barjarow, Stanley E., #724519, 19, Pte., 38th Bn.,27/06/1917, Coboconk.
Bateman, Russell Albert, #139522,Pte., 3rd Bn., 06/11/1917, Kirkfield.
Beecroft, Harvey T., #475768, Lt.,7th Coy.CMGC,08/10/1916, Fenelon Falls.
Bester, Robert, #724532, 20th Bn., Pte., 26/12/1917, Omemee.
Bird, Benjamin, #100993, Pte., 49th Bn., 15/09/1916, Haliburton.
Bishop, Arthur, #636302, Pte., 2nd Bn., 03/05/1917, Haliburton.
Bole, Clarence H.,#3059962, Pte., 6th(Reserve) Bn.,14/10/1918, Woodville.
Boucher, William David, #745335, Pte., 2nd Bn., 04/05/1917, Mariposa Tp.
Boyd, Thornton B., #475786, Pte., P.P.C.L.I., 05/06/1916, Bobcaygeon.
Brady, Thomas Edward, #59090, Pte., 34th Coy., CFC, 08/10/1918, Lindsay.
Brimmell, Albert M.,#540316, Pte.,C.C.Cylist, 04/09/1917, Little Britain.
Brooks, Edwin Arthur, #57984, Pte., 20th Bn., 15/09/1916, Bobcaygeon.
Brown, Harry W., #226353, Pte., 10thBn.,VICTORIA CROSS,17/08/1917 Omemee.
Budd, James John, #726089, Pte., 20th Bn., 11/11/1917, Burnt River.
Byng, George, #59126, Pte., 21st Bn., 12/10/1918, Bobcaygeon.
Cameron, Alexander, #800131, Pte., 15th Bn., 16/08/1917, Lindsay.
Campbell, Alexander, #895492, L/Cpl., 50th Bn., 27/09/1918, Cameron.
Campbell, John, #724729, Cpl., No CWGC record, Woodville.
Campbell, William Ross, #724664, Pte., 20th Bn.,08/05/1917, Argyle.
Campbell, Russell A.,#502, Spr.,6th Field Coy.,CE.,15/11/1915, Kirkfield.
Carew, Robert, #1087011, Pte., 15th Bn., 06/11/1917, Burnt River.
Carnochan, William, #1087289, Pte., 21st Bn., 13/05/1918, Haliburton.
Chambers, Allister, #2129026, Pte., 8th Bn., 02/10/1918, Cambray.
Castle, George John, #724679, Pte., 124th Bn
Clare, Stephen Joseph, #487651, Pte., No CWGC record, Mariposa Tp.
Copp, Charles, Pte., Unknown, Mariposa Tp.
Cornforth, Sydney Charles, #477197, Sgt.,RCR, 11/04/1917, Lindsay.
Cotey, Earle, #454608, Pte., 38th Bn., 02/03/1917, Lindsay.
Cragg, Russell Alexander, #109282, Pte., 4th CMR, 02/06/1916, Lindsay.
Crarey, Russell, #3057627, Pte., 21st Bn., 11/10/1918, Kirkfield.
Cundal, William J., #21225, Cpl., 4th Bn., 09/07/1916, Cameron.
Cunnings, William James, Pte., #907468, 5th Bn., 28/04/1917, Oakwood.
Curry, Albert George, #726005,
Curry, Andrew James, #726004,
Curry, Frederick, Capt., 2nd Bn.,
Curry, Russell Samuel, #726092, Pte., 20th Bn., 09/08/1917, Haliburton.
Curtin, Patrick, Pte., #447907, 50th Bn., 01/11/1916, Lindsay.
Cuthbert, Samuel, Pte., #724740, Canadian Pioneers,18/10/1917, Lindsay.
Dark, Percy Stoate, Pte., #59235, 18, 21st Bn., 12/06/1916, Lindsay.
Dawson, Alfred Simmonds, #3031460, Pte., 20th Bn., 10/11/1918, Kinmount.
Dawson, Hector, Pte., #412796, 14th Bn., 22/10/1915, Kinmount.
Day, Richard James, #454221, 47, Pte., 2nd Bn., 09/09/1916, Norland.
Daynes, Duncan Morrison, #412700, Pte.,13th Bn.,13/06/1916,  Eldon Stn.
Denison, Francis Turquand, Pte., #624551,27th Bn.,27/08/1917, Eldon Stn.
Donaldson, Robert J., #725569, Pte., 20th Bn., 10/11/1917, Fenelon Falls.
Elliott, Walter Waldron, #412456, L/Sgt., 25th Bn., 30/09/1916, Lindsay.
Faulkner, Roy, #4020572, Pte., 2nd Bn., 31/08/1918, Coboconk.
Ferguson, James W., #1087029, L/Cpl, 21st Bn., 27/08/1918, Valentia.
Fitzgerald,John James, #724248, Pte., 124th Bn., 14/12/1916, Head Lake.
Fortier, Nelson, #412978, Pte., 13th Bn., 27/10/1917, Lindsay.
Foster, John, Pte., Infantry, No Record, Mariposa Tp.
Freeman, Benjamin, #745309, Pte.,3rd Bn., 05/11/1917, Mariposa Tp.
Fry, Henry, Pte., Infantry, Mariposa Tp.
Garbutt, Sarah Ellen, Nursing Sister, C.A.N.S., 20/08/1917, Lindsay.
Gifford, Victor R.,#5094, Driver, 1st Field Coy.,C.E.,07/09/1916 Lindsay.
Gillies, Hector, #782190, Pte., 46th Bn.,26/08/1918, Lindsay.
Gosselin,Alphonse,#3056618,Pte.,E.O.R.6th Res.Bn.,08/10/1918 Downeyville.
Gray, John Wilford, #887042, 14th Bn.,Pte., 04/03/1917, Lindsay.
Gregory, Richard, #726015, Pte., 21st Bn., 29/11/1916, Haliburton.
Grinstead, William George, #8716, Manchester Rgt.,29/10/1914, Valencia.
Groves, Robert, #724293, Pioneer, 124th Bn., 25/12/1917, Burnt River.
Goldie, Eric James (Grace), #2303,3rd Bn.,London Rgt.,28/11/1915 Lindsay.
Glendenning, Stanley, Cdt, 1AG Sqn Royal Air Force,17/07/1918,Sunderland.
Gallagher, W. N., Lieut., Infantry, No CWGC record, Omemee.
Hall, Arnold Rossiter, #512313, Pte.,C.E., 07/09/1918,Lindsay.
Hall, Geo. Carlton, #725217, Pte., 38th Bn.,28/06/1917, Cambray.
Halliday, Adam Sydney, #3059715, Pte., E.O.R., 22/10/1919, Fenelon Falls.
Hancock, Armour Ellington, #454174, Pte.,459th Coy., 20/11/1918, Lindsay.
Harper, William, #724580, Sergeant,124th Pioneer Bn.,28/03/1918, Lindsay.
Hartwick, Herbert,#26662, Spr, 5th Bn. CRT, 11/01/1919, Lindsay.
Hill, Joseph Leslie, #455255, 21st Bn., Pte.,30/09/1916, Bobcaygeon.
Hill, William Albert, #725555, Pte., 21st Bn.,03/11/1917, Bobcaygeon.
Holliday, Herbert A., #310621, Gunner, 9th Br.CFA, 25/07/1916, Coboconk.
Hopkins, Fred Holmes, Lieut.-Col., 17th Bn., 30/01/1916, Lindsay.
Horton, Thomas, #1100006, Pte., CFC, 15/05/1917, Kinmount.
Howe, John. C., #724601, Pte., 20th Bn., 15/08/1917, Lindsay.
Howe, Joseph, #724036, Pte., 2nd Bn., 09/08/1918, Haliburton.
Hughes, Wesley, #724057, Pte.,38th Bn.,27/06/1917, Burnt River.
Irwin, Norman, #166352, Cpl.,2nd Cdn Pioneer Bn., 22/10/1918, Lindsay.
Jackson, Charles Edward, #724726, Private, No CWGC record, Lindsay.
Jackson, Reginald. G., #724755, 38th, Bn., 11/08/1917, Private, Lindsay.
Jeffers, Frank Alfred, Pte., Infantry, NO RECORD, Little Britain.
Johnston, John Arthur, #724685, L/Cpl., 21st.Bn.,15/08/1917, Bobcaygeon.
Johnson, Reginald, Pte., Infantry, No CWGC record, Lindsay.
Johnson, Martin, Pte., Infantry, No CWGC record, Fenelon Falls.
Johnston, Willard, #799144, Pte.,15th Bn.,25/08/1917, Lindsay.
Johnston, William Russell, #201200, Pte., 3rd Bn., 05/05/1917, Lindsay.
Junkin, Irvine, #3056342, Pte., 2nd Bn., 27/09/1918, Bobcaygeon.
Junkin, Percy John, #725589, Pte., 21st Bn., 20/11/1916, Bobcaygeon.
Kent, William Gordon, #1027027, Pte., 75th Bn.,28/10/1918, Lindsay.
King, Henry William, #724682,Pte.,124th Pioneer Bn.,08/11/1917 Head Lake.
Kinghorn, John, #669238, Pte., 3rd Bn., 08/10/1916, Woodville.
Kirkconnell, Walter Allison, Lt.,14th Bn., 08/08/1918, Lindsay.
Kylie, Edward J., Captain, 147th Bn., 04/05/1916, Lindsay.
Kirton, Albert Edward, #157614, Gunner, CFA, 03/09/1918, Mariposa Tp.
Kirton, William, #745403, Pte., 2nd Bn., 21/03/1918, Mariposa Tp.
Knowlson, Henry Athan, #2765189, Pte., No CWGC record, Lindsay.
Lanning, Percy,H. #59565, Pte., 21st Bn., 27/11/1915, Mariposa, Tp.
Leach, Albert Kenneth, #724246, Pte., 21st. Bn.,07/05/1918, Lindsay.
LeBel, Joseph Francis, #412780, Pte., 20th Bn.,17/11/1915, Lindsay.
Lee, George Herbert, #724122, Pte., 21st Bn., 10/04/1917, Woodville.
Lee, William George,,#724138, Pte., 21st Bn., 17/01/1917, Woodville.
Lennie, Lewis Frederick, #412703, CASC Amm.Sub Park, 14/07/1916, Lindsay.
Liscombe, Edward R., #724160, Pte., 21st Bn., 15/08/1917, Coboconk.
Logan, George, #724255, Pte., 21st Bn., 09/04/1917, Haliburton.
Lyle, Wilbert Merle, #725587, Gunner,6th Bde.CFA, 22/12/1917, Bobcaygeon.
Lyon, Edwin Percy, #461230, Pte., 44th Bn., 16/02/1917, Little Britain.
Lynwood, William John (Linwood), No CWGC record
Mark, Robert Henry, #724272, Pte., 38th Bn., 03/11/1917, Cameron.
Matthews, Alfred Joseph, Captain, 27th Bn., 26/02/1916, Lindsay.
Metcalfe, Charles N., #724183, Pte.,2ndBn CMGC,15/08/1918, Fenelon Falls.
Miller, Charles Albert, #7762, Pte., 2nd Bn., 05/06/1915, Lindsay.
Miller, Joseph John, #2304413, Pte., P.P.C.L.I., 19/08/1918, Kinmount.
Mills, Frederick Howard, #116146, Sgt., 2nd CMR, 08/08/1918, Argyle.
Mitchell Douglas Gordon,MM, #8627, Sgt.,2nd Bn.,11/04/1917, Lindsay.
Mitchell, Thomas Henry, #3060570,Pte.,E.O.R., 11/07/1918, Little Britain.
Morrison, William James, #724239, Pte., 20th Bn.,14/05/1917, Lindsay.
Murray, Albert, #412787, Pte., 14th Bn., 15/10/1915, Valentia.
Murtha, James, #183989, Pte., 31st Bn., 27/09/1916, Lindsay.
McDonald, Alexander,
McDonald, Kenneth,
McDonnell, Edward, #402903, Pte., 13th Bn., 27/09/1918, Lindsay
McDougall, Russell Hugh, #725536,109th Bn.,No CWGC record, Fenelon Falls.
McEachern, Malcolm, #725598, Pte, 21st Bn., 17/01/1917, Woodville.
McFadyen, Henry Lorne,DCM, #730710, Pte., 18th Bn., 10/11/1917, Cambray.
McGann, Joseph Patrick, #724562, L/Cpl.,44th Bn.,09/09/1917, Downieville.
McGill, Ivan Elmer, #59718, Pte., 21st Bn., 08/04/1916, Lindsay.
McGinnis, Sidney, #725078, Pte., 20th Bn., 03/06/1918, Lindsay.
McGuire, James Patrick, #59723, 21st Bn., 26/08/1918, Kinmount.
McInnis, D., No CWGC record.
McInnis, Charles Howard,MM,#724261,L/Cpl.,21st Bn.,11/10/1918,Lorneville
McKay, Robert,, No CWGC record.
McMurray, George, #724589, Pte., 38th Bn., 09/04/1917, Lorneville.
McMillan, William Duncan, #410837, Pte., 38th Bn., 27/03/1918, Lindsay.
McNutt, Wm. Geo. Stanley,#464603, Pte., 54th Bn., 25/10/1916, Bobcaygeon.
Naismith, James, #410158, Pte., 38th Bn., No CWGC record.
Naylor, John Denby, #725568, Pte., 20th Bn., 10/05/1917, Cameron.
Newell, Alfred Charles, No CWGC record.
Northey, Melville, #725567, Pte., 21st. Bn., 09/11/1917, Bobcaygeon.
Owens, Hillary Pomery, #745452, Pte., 3rd Bn., 19/08/1917, Woodville.
Oxby, William Edward, #853763, Pte., 19th Bn., 28/08/1918, Dalton.
Padden, Herbert, No CWGC record.
Parkes, Cleveland Adair, #725077, Pte., 38th Bn., 09/04/1917, Lindsay.
Parkin, Whyt Burnett, #141515, Pte., 24th Bn., 06/11/1917, Lindsay.
Parks, Alvin Morse, #454075, Pte., R.C.R., 08/10/1916, Lindsay?
Patton, Neil Smith, #724125, Pte., 75th Bn., 30/09/1918, Lindsay.
Peters, William Claude, #814787, Pte., 19th Bn., 25/03/1917, Lindsay?
Poast, Roy Irvine, #475311, Pte., P.P.C.L.I., 18/07/1916, Omemee.
Pollitt, George, #725015, Pte., 38th Bn., 09/04/1917, Omemee.
Reeves, Robert, #724049, Pte., 20th Bn., 08/08/1918, Lindsay?
Robinson, William Morris, #410606, 38th Bn., 08/11/1917, Lindsay?
Rogers, Garfield Redman, Lt.,11th Bde., CFA, 21/04/1917, Oakwood.
Rushton, William Stanley, #760688, Pte., 7th Bn., 15/08/1917, Kirkfield.
Russell, Victor, #745169, Pte., 19th Bn., 08/08/1918, Oakwood.
Ryall, George, #725050, Pte., 20th Bn., 27/11/1917, Little Britain.
Rooke, Edwin Martin, #304309, Sgt., 2nd Bde., CFA, 13/06/1916, Lindsay?
Sandiland, James Thomas, #454184, L/Cpl.,26th Bn., 17/09/1916, Kirkfield.
Saville, George, #412867, Pte., 13th Bn., 17/11/1915, Oakwood.
Scott, Alexander McKay, Lt., 21st Bn., 11/10/1918, Gelert.
Scott, Walter Henry, #145284, Sgt., 38th Bn., 19/11/1916, Lindsay.
Scott, John Ernest, #725130, Pte., 2nd Bn., 18/08/1917, Little Britain.
Selby, Thomas Ralph, #725546, Pte., 21st Bn., 09/05/1917, Bobcaygeon.
Shankland, John Wilfred, #725524, Pte.,20th Bn.,09/11/1917,Fenelon Falls.
Shaw, William Leslie, #409307, Pte., 31st Bn., 06/11/1917, Lindsay.
Shea, James Edward, #80228, Pte., 38th Bn., 24/08/1915, Lindsay.
Silverthorn, Howard Wesley, #725609, Pte., 21st Bn.,01/05/1917, Bolsover.
Smith, Edward, #724705, Pte., 109th Alberta Regt., 17/10/1917, Lindsay.
Stewart,Robert, Unknown.
Stinson, Charles Howard, #725549, Pte.,21st Bn.,09/05/1917,Fenelon Falls.
Stinson, William Norman, #2692622, Pte.,2nd Bn.,CGR, 05/11/1918, Lindsay.
Sumner, John Cooper, #724075, Pte., 20th Bn., 09/04/1917, Seagrave.
Swardfager, Frederick, #111591, Pte., 4th CMR, 02/06/1916, Lindsay.
Sutcliffe, Charles Elliott, Major, 77th Bn., 06/06/1917, Lindsay.
Swayze, David Alexander, #74321, Cdt., RFC, 06/10/1917, Lindsay.
Swayze, William Keith, Lt., RFC, 26/02/1920, Lindsay.
Taggart, Gordon, #725559, Pte., 21st Bn., 27/12/1917, Fenelon Falls.
Tamlin, Melville Edgar,, #3059964, 6th Reserve Bn., 24/10/1918, Cambray.
Taylor, William Edward, #3060923, 1st Bn, EOR, 27/10/1918, Victoria Road.
Tough, Archable Russell, #724575, Pte., 20th Bn., 09/04/1917, Kirkfield.
Trevor, Foster, #412999, Pte., 20th Bn., 15/09/1916, Lindsay.
Trevor, Ralph, #454318, Pte., 24th Bn., 17/09/1917, Lindsay.
Trott, Joseph, #724050, Pte., 20th Bn., 14/04/1917, Lindsay.
Tripp, James Albert, #725600, Pte., 21st Bn., 09/05/1917, Bobcaygeon.
Truax, Charles Roy, #3059739,Pte.,6th Reserve Bn.,30/10/1918, Coboconk.
Truax, Peter, #348028, Dvr, CFA, 8th Brigade, 21/05/1918, Coboconk.
Vickery, Orville Wilson, L.-Cpl.,#725058, 20th Bn.,28/08/1918, Lindsay.
Valentine, William, #724131, Pte., 38th Bn., 26/03/1917, Miner’s Bay.
Watson, Thomas M., Pte., #724055, 20th Bn., 08/04/1917, Mariposa Tp.
Watt, Donald, #811931, Pte., 8th Bn.,08/08/1918, Haliburton.
Weeks, Clarence G., Lieut., MC, #724021, 75th Bn., 22/08/1918, Lindsay.
Wheeler, Charles, Pte., #453150, 2nd Bn., MG, 03/06/1916, Lindsay.
Whetter, Fred Freeman, Pte., #745500,166th Bn., 01/07/1917, Woodville.
White, Joseph, Sergeant, #725123, 44th Bn.,28/09/1918, Lindsay.
Whitney, Joseph W., Pte., #1097051, 21st Bn., 12/08/1918, Burnt River.
Williams, Arthur James, Major, RCR, 15/08/1916, Lindsay.
Wilson, Robert T., Pte., #745220, 18th Bn., 05/01/1917, Mariposa Tp.
Winchester, John, Pte.,#424257, 21st Bn., 15/08/1917, Lindsay.
Wright, James M., Sapper, #754977, 13th CLR, 30/01/1918,  Bobcaygeon.
Wilson, Bruce, Flight Commander, Royal Air Force, 01/11/1918, Lindsay.
Wilson, William Webster., Capt., Cdn Signal Corps,09/10/1916, Lindsay.


Almost 50% of these men were original 109th Battalion enlistees. I found a disaportionate number of these men were of Scottish heritage. Probably no surprise since Much of Victoria County, especially the western areas was settled by Scots. The occupation of the lost soldiers was by far, listed as "farmer' followed by "lumberman". Although I did not keep written track of the ages, the average age would have been certainly in the early twenties. From previous research, there were a number of under age soldiers - most of the youngest were held back and added to the roster of the 252nd Battalion. However a large number of 18 years olds from the 109th Battalion made it to the trenches. This list is by no means considered final. The remaining names for which no information could be found or are indeterminate can be may mean the names have been mispelled at source, they served in British Forces, their deaths came after the Commonwealth War Graves Commission cut-off in 1921 or any number of other reasons. I would certainly appreciate hearing about any errors and/or ommissions. 

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

PRIVATE THOMAS A. STEER, #404210 - Killed In Action April 28, 1917


Although the Canadian Expeditionary Force suffered over 59,000 deaths over the course of World War One, despite popular opinion, not all of these deaths were as a result of the hostilities. A significant number were due to disease such as influenza and tuberculosis. Some were from accidents, drowning and suicides. Most of the remaining deaths from warfare came in major battles in which Canadians participated: 2nd Ypres; The Somme; Mount Sorrel; Vimy Ridge, Passchendaele and the Final 100 Days. However a significant number were killed in the day-to-day maintenance and manning of the front line trenches for which the CEF were responsible at any given time. So when a single Victory medal recently became available very reasonably for Private Thomas Armstrong Steer, #404210, 3rd Battalion, I snapped it up. Private Steer was listed as being Killed In Action on April 28, 1917, a day on which the 3rd Battalion were not doing much of anything near Farbus Woods south of Vimy village.

According to Battle Royal, D.J. Godspeed, Toronto, 1962:

The Toronto Regiment had only an inactive part in this attack (referring to a British attack on the Scarpe  and the 1st Canadian division on their left attacking the Arleux Loop), as it happened the 2nd Brigade captured all its objectives smartly and on time. The Regiment however did provide  three officers and 135 men as stretcher parties to evacuate the 2nd Brigade's wounded. Later on the afternoon of the 28th, the Germans heavily shelled "B" and "D" Companies along the railway embankment, killing Major C.E. Cooper and one soldier (Private Steer), and wounding Lieutenant W.C. Bush and two privates. Lieutenant Bush died the following morning at No.30 Casualty Clearing Station at Aubigny.

Thanks to Marika Pirie for contributing this clipping
Attesation Paper Thomas Steer
Private Steer and his family have proved to be somewhat elusive in terms of family research. My resources included, Mr. Google, Canadian Censuses and the various Library and Archives Canada websites/databases which provided little information. Without a service record at this point, I really had not much biographical information save for the information on his attestation records. So I posted on the CEF Study Group Forum a call for assistance and was not disappointed. We know that both the Commonwealth War Graves Commission and the Veteran Affair Canada Virtual Memorial pages for Private Steer claim that Thomas Steer was born in Brooklyn, New York despite his declaration on the attestation to have been born in Toronto. Member Tighe McManus found Thomas's mother Margarite listed as a widow in Toronto City Directories for 1913, 1914 and 1917. Marika Pirie found a couple of Toronto Star newspaper clippings from May 1917 concerning his death. Tighe later found the family in a 1910 U.S. Census living in Pittsburgh,Pa, only adding to the mystery. Helen Russell was kind to point out that in the census, there was an unmarried Aunt living with the family with the name of  Margaret  M. Armstrong. Armstrong, of course is Private Steer's middle name. Thomas Steer appears to be an only child. Mike, the Regimental Rogue, is checking the pre-war rolls of the Royal Canadian Regiment, to confirm or deny the soldier's claim of service in this permanent force Regiment.

Major Charles Edwon Cooper
We know that Thomas Armstrong Steer, 404210, was a 32 year old, single, street car conductor employed by the Toronto Street Railway when he enlisted in Toronto's 35th Battalion May 5, 1915. The tall man at 5'11" apparently had Eagle Shields and Flags tattooed on both forearms. Private Steer was included in the 1st Reinforcing Draft that was rushed from Canada leaving from Montreal on the S.S.Metagama June 4, 1915 after the disastrous  losses by the 1st Canadian Division during April 1915. Of the 250 men is this draft, 227 were sent almost immediately on arriving in England, to the 3rd (Toronto) Battalion in the field, being taken on service July 17, 1915. As we have no service record, we know only that Private Steer remained and survived in the 3rd Battalion until his death near Farbus Woods on April 28, 1917. Private Thomas Armstrong Steer was buried in Orchard Dump Cemetery, France. His name is included on the bronze Memorial Plaque located in Old City Hall, Toronto for employees of the Toronto Railway Union Div. 113.
Charles Edwin Cooper had enlisted in Valcartier September 22, 1914 into the 3rd (Toronto) Battalion as a Lieutenant, having served as the Colour Sergeant in the 10th Royal Grenadiers Regiment for 10 years and prior service in both the Royal Canadian Regiment and the 48th Highlanders Regiment. Born in 1880, he worked as a clerk in the T. Eaton Company, married to Sarah in 1903 and a native of Alcester, England. By spring 1917, he had been promoted to rank of Acting Major and had been award the Military Cross for "Conspicuous Service leading his company" during the Battle of Mount Sorrel June 1916. Major Cooper was buried in Ecoivres Military Cemetery, France. His name appears on the T.Eaton Memorial Plaque along with 314 other men who gave their lives in the war from the company.  
3rd (Toronto) Battalion War  Diary entry for April 28, 1917
Walter Clarence Bush had been a lieutenant in the 47th Frontenac Regiment when he enlisted in Tamworth, Ontario as a lieutenant in Kingston's 146th Battalion on April 10, 1916. Born in 1892, working as a carpenter, he travelled with the battalion from Halifax on the S.S.Southland September 25, 1916 for England. In England, most of the 146th were absorbed by Toronto's 95th Battalion who in turn supplied reinforcements to Toronto area front-line battalions including the 3rd (Toronto) Battalion. Interesting the last Canadian World War One veteran, John Babcock, joined the 146th Battalion as well, before being transferred to the Young Soldiers Battalion as an underage soldier. Lieutenant Bush after succumbing to his wounds, was buried in Aubigny Communal Cemetery Extension, France.

Sunday, September 21, 2014



My blogs of the past several  years have of course focused on the 3rd (Toronto) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force and by extension and connection with my grandfather, soldiers whose service numbers are 61***, 62***, 63***, and 64***. This blog is on the unit, the 23rd Battalion, that harbored the men with these service numbers, arguably one of the most important battalions to proceed overseas from Canada. For the 23rd Battalion provided desperately needed reinforcements to units of the 1st Canadian Division and to the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry. For if it were not for these reinforcements, it is doubtful if units of the 1st Canadian Division would have the manpower to engage the enemy in the Battle of Festubert, May 1915 and the Battle of Givenchy, June 1915 nor would the PPCLI partake in the St. Eloi action March, 1915 or the Battle of Frezenberg May, 1915. (interesting to note that the PPCLI entered this battle with a strength of 635 ranks, already having received the reinforcements from the "500" draft).

The 23rd Battalion, Quebec City prior to embarking on the train for Halifax February, 1915
"Three days after the First Contingent sailed from Gaspe, on October 3rd, 1914, Canada made an offer of a Second Contingent which was immediately accepted, with a suggestion from the Army Council that another Infantry Division would be a suitable formation. The eleven-Military Districts had already been warned that more troops would be required: they were called upon to recruit fourteen battalions numbered 18th to 31st inclusive. The Canadian Grenadier Guards were now required to find two companies (after already making significant manpower contributions to the 14th Royal Montreal Regiment Battalion), that is nine officers and 268 other ranks for the new 23rd Battalion". 

  "Lieut.-Col. F.W.Fisher, Commanding Officer of the 58th Westmount Rifles, Canadian Militia, was authorized on 21st Oct.1914 to raise a battalion for overseas service. Allotted the number "23rd" in the sequence of overseas units, it was to be commanded by Lieut.-Col. Fisher himself. Simultaneously the first exclusive "French-Canadian"unit, numbered 22nd and to be raised by Lieut.-Col. F.M. Gaudet was authorized; to fill the ranks of all French-speaking men of the 23rd were ordered to be transferred to the 23rd. To make up resulting shortages the Western Districts sent 500 men: M.D.10-100 men (6 Nov.1914); M.D.11-200 men (9 Nov.1914); and M.D.13-200 men (4 Nov.1914). The instructions to Col. Fisher were to recruit the H.Q. and two companies in Montreal, and two companies in Quebec City and District. For the two companies in Montreal, the Canadian Grenadier Guards supplied nine officers, and 268 other ranks. The H.Q. and the two Montreal Companies were stationed in the Peel Street Barracks, Montreal; but the quarters being overcrowded, on December 9th, 1914, they were moved to the Emigration Buildings, Louise Basin, Quebec, where the other two companies had already been mobilized. The Canadian winter climate prevented much outdoor training, but a certain amount of work was done on the ice of the frozen St. Lawrence River, while the large C.P.R. sheds made good indoor training places. The Battalion was inspected by H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught (30th Dec., 1914) and the Minister of Militia, Sir Sam Hughes (15th Dec., 1914), who both spoke words of praise. On January 15, 1915, a draft of 3 officers and 250 other ranks were sent direct to the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, training nearby.

On February 15, 1915, move orders were received, and on the 17th, the Battalion entrained at Levis for Halifax, where it embarked on the S.S. Missanabie, sailing on 23rd February. Arriving at Avonmouth on 6th March, it proceeded to Shorncliffe Camp, where it was quartered in Moore Barracks. The 23rd Battalion went to England as a provisional reinforcing unit, but instructions had been given by the War Office to keep it intact, and prior to the urgent call for reinforcements by the 1st Canadian Division in April, 1915, it had every chance of going to France as a Battalion. On 26th April it was called upon to supply drafts to various battalions in France, which had suffered losses in the Gas Attack at Ypres, and by 2nd May the whole Battalion, with the exception of some details and a few of the H.Q. Officers, had gone to the front. The numeral was then given to a reinforcing and depot unit, and until the end of the War the 23rd Reserve Battalion functioned as such at Shorncliffe, Shoreham and Bramshott Camps in succession. Owing to the system, or lack of system, then prevailing at Shorncliffe, many of the officers and men, instead of being sent to reinforce Montreal Battalions in the field, were scattered, some going to Toronto Battalions, while men from Toronto reinforcement units were sent to Montreal battalions. The bulk of the 23rd were however sent to the 13th (RHC) and 14th (RMR). Of the officers Lienuts. Anderson and Buchanan were drafted to the 4th (Ontario) Battalion, Lieuts. Chisholm and Weston to the 3rd (Toronto) Battalion, Lieuts. Sumption, Dobbie and Richardson to the 14th R.M.R. It is a matter of regret that the 23rd did not serve  in France as a unit; it would without a doubt have given an good account of itself; but drafts sent to the front proved themselves valuable and efficient reinforcements, as their record shows". 
History of the Canadian Grenadier Guards,
Col.A.F.Duguid, 1965. 

Officers of the 23rd Battalion about to depart for England Many did not come home.
Few military enthusiasts or historians have paid much attention to the 23rd Battalion, it nevertheless remains one of the most important battalions raised after the Canadian Corps formerly entered the war. The sacrifices and contributions made by this single battalion in reinforcing Canadian 1st Contingent, as well as that of it's sister reinforcing battalion, the 32nd Battalion, remains all out of proportion to the structure of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. The 23rd Battalion, and later it’s successor, the 23rd Reserve Battalion, was instrumental is supplying quality, trained reinforcement soldiers after devastating losses in the 2nd Battle of Ypres, April 22-28,1915. It reinforced the 3rd (Toronto) Battalion (296 men May 3, 1915, Platoons 2, 3, 4, 7, and 8 along with 4 officers), the 4th(Central Ontario) Battalion (about 250 men), the 13th (Royal Highlanders of Canada) Battalion (265 men April 28, 1915) , the 14th (Royal Montreal) Battalion (275 men May 6, 1915; Platoons 9, 10, 11, and 12 along with two officers), the 15th (48th Highlanders) Battalion (52 men May 14, 1915), and the PPCLI Battalion (125 men in the "500" Draft PPCLI), after their devastating losses in April, May and June, 1915. The 23rd Battalion’s commanding officer, Lt.-Col. Frank W. Fisher, was later to lead the 14th (Royal Montreal) Battalion in the front lines and still later commanded all reserve units in England. These men came from the same source regiments that the balance of the "500" Draft to the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry came from and probably moved east to Quebec on the same trains. These reinforcements came principally from the, 29th ( Vancouver) Battalion, 28th (Saskatchewan) Battalion, 30th ( Victoria) Battalion, 31st (Alberta) Battalion and the 32nd ( Manitoba) Battalion who were all recruiting actively at the time. Each was requested to provide 200 recruits. In practice the Battalions asked for volunteers - those who wished to to get to the front quicker - there were no shortage of volunteers, many had previous service with Imperial Forces and/or service in Canadian militia units. To further confuse the issue, the 23rd Battalion was also requested to supply troops directly to the PPCLI "500" Draft. All the service numbers for these reinforcements to the P.P.C.L.I. held service numbers in the 51... range. A very large percentage of these men had short longevity and a high casualty rate. One of these men became a future Commanding Officer of the P.P.C.L.I. (Melville Ten-Broeke #51456).
The instructions to Col. Fisher were to recruit the H.Q. (thus a number of French-speaking troops – cooks, drivers, service personnel, etc.) and two companies in Montreal, and two companies in Quebec City and District. For the two Montreal Companies, both the 1st Regiment Canadian Grenadier Guards and the 58th Westmount Rifles were large contributors. The C.G.G. supplied nine officers, and 268 other ranks. The 58th Westmount Rifles supplied besides Col. Fisher, four officers and 200 ranks. Included in this number were Captain Thom with 23 signalers, the Bugle Band, as well as a battalion Motor Cycle Corps. A small number of men enlisted from the 3rd Regiment Victoria Rifles of Canada but as this Regiment was raising the 24th Battalion at the same time, the number was very limited.
Move orders were received on February 15 and on the 17th the Battalion entrained at Levis on the Inter-Colonial Railway for Halifax. Embarking on the 19th, the 23rd Battalion departed Halifax on the almost new (Oct. 1914) "S.S. Missanabie" February 23, 1915 with a strength of 35 officers and 942 other ranks (not including the earlier PPCLI draft). A brief stop in Queenstown (Cork) from a U-boat scare and landing at Avonmouth (Bristol) March 7, 1915. They proceeded to Shorncliffe Camp, Moore Barracks, which was to be their home for a short period. Some ironies: the S.S. Missanabie was to be torpedoed and sunk September 8, 1918, 50 miles off of Queenstown with a loss of 45 lives; John Cody's Irish family (#63207)  departed from Queenstown at the turn of the century for America. 26 years later his son, and my father, John Cody, Chief Petty Officer RCN, spent a horrific New Years in 1941 while in Bristol harbour (Avonmouth) aboard a merchant ship during a Nazi bombing firestorms. 
A draft to the 23rd Battalion with James Fotheringham,MM, #63350,
top right corner. These men probably conprise the draft from Calgary.

23rd Reserve Battalion

The 23rd Battalion was told they would be a reinforcement battalion prior leaving Canada, but instructions had been given by the War Office to keep it intact, and prior to the urgent call for reinforcements in April, 1915 after the disastrous 2nd Battle of Ypres. It had every chance of going to France as an intact Battalion, much like the 19th, 20th, 21st and 22nd Battalions. On April 26, 1915 however, probably because of the high percentage of previous military serving experienced ranks, the Battalion was called upon to supply drafts to various active Battalions which had suffered grievously at Ypres. By May 6, the whole Battalion, with the exception of some details and a few of the H.Q. officers, had gone to the front. On April 29, 1915 under C.R.O. 450 the 23rd Infantry Battalion was re-organized as the 23rd Reserve Battalion. The 23rd Reserve Battalion functioned as a reserve unit and depot based at Shorncliffe, Shoreham, Bramshott and Ripon Camps, in succession until war’s end. During the war, it absorbed the following Overseas Battalions:
106th (Nova Scotia Rifles) Battalion
117th (Eastern Township) Battalion
118th (North Waterloo) Battalion
133rd (Norfolk’s Own) Battalion
142nd (London’s Own) Battalion
199th (Duchess of Connaught’s Own Irish Rifles) Battalion
244th (Kitchener’s Own) Battalion
245th (Canadian Grenadier Guards) Battalion
For almost two years (April 29, 1915 to January 4, 1917), the 23rd Reserve Battalion would train and provide reinforcements for battalions in France. They are listed as follows:
Reinforced the 3rd (Toronto) Battalion Sept.9, 1915 to April 29, 1916
Reinforced the 14th (Royal Montreal) Battalion July 19, 1915 to Jan.4, 1917
Reinforced the 22nd (French Canadian) Battalion Sept. 9, 1915 to July 9, 1916
Reinforced the 24th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion July 19, 1915 to Aug. 31, 1915
Reinforced the 24th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion July 9, 1916 to Jan.4, 1917
Reinforced the 42nd (Royal Highlanders) Battalion Sept. 15, 1915 to Aug. 29, 1916
Reinforced the 60th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion July 9, 1916 to Jan. 4, 1917
The 23rd Reserve Battalion received at least two drafts from Canada, the first draft of 5 officers and 250 other ranks was from Calgary’s 50th Battalion, their second draft, which sailed from Montreal on board the S.S. Metagama, Sept. 11, 1915. The second draft of 5 officers and 250 men were from Toronto’s 75th Battalion, which sailed from Montreal aboard the S.S. Scandinavian on Oct. 1, 1915.
Two Battalions were absorbed by the 23rd Reserve Battalion in 1916. On Nov. 12, 1916 they absorbed the 133rd (Norfolk’s Own) Battalion raised in Simcoe, Ont., which had sailed with 21 officers and 665 other ranks. Their stay which the 23rd however would be short-lived as a reserve organization in January, 1917 would see 534 other ranks transferred to the 3rd Reserve Battalion on Jan. 4, 1917. The 23rd would also absorb the 142nd (London’s Own) Battalion, raised in London, Ont., which sailed from Canada with 26 officers and 574 other ranks, arriving in Shorncliffe on Nov. 12, 1916. The personnel of the 142nd Battalion would be transferred to the 4th Reserve Battalion on Jan. 4, 1917.
The following offficers commanded the 23rd Reserve Battalion between March, 1915 and September, 1916:
Lt.-Col. Frank W. Fisher – March 8, 1915 to July 4, 1915
Lt.-Col. F.C. Bowen – July 4, 1915 to April 22, 1916
Major D.A. McKay – April 1, 1916 to July 22, 1916
Lt.-Col. C.F. Bick – July 12, 1916 to Sept. 6, 1916
With the reserve re-organization in the Fall of 1917, the 23rd Reserve Battalion would cease to exist in it’s current format. Under Canadian Routine Orders 198 and 271, the affairs of the 23rd Reserve Battalion, in it’s existing form, were wound up. Part of the mandate of the reorganization, were to ensure that serving soldiers served with battalions raised in the Military District from which they came. Therefore on Jan. 4, 1917, the 23rd Reserve Battalion’s cadre of staff and infrastructure was amalgamated with the 117th Battalion (Eastern Townships) to form a new 23rd Reserve Battalion under Lt-Col. Frank W. Fisher, who had returned from the front lines after commanding the 14th (Royal Montreal) Battalion, The new 23rd was again based in Shorncliffe with it’s authorization being Canadian Routine Order 271 dated March 20, 1917. The 117th Battalion had been used as a reinforcing unit unit since Aug. 25, 1916. Only part of the original 856 other ranks remained to train with the 23rd. Almost half would be serving in France before joining the 23rd, with 312 other ranks in the 5th CMR Battalion and 55 other ranks in the 87th (Canadian Grenadier Guards) Battalion.Once the 117th had been amalgamated with the 23rd, a further 124 other ranks would be drafted to the 14th (Royal Montreal) Battalion, 42 to the 22nd Battalion and 218 to the 24th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion. On Jan. 5, 1917, the 23rd Reserve Battalion moved to Shoreham and began the job of reinforcing battalions at the front. The following battalions were reinforced by the 23rd Reserve Battalion:
Reinforced the 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion Jan. 1917 to demobilization
Reinforced the 14th (Royal Montreal) Battalion Jan. 4, 1917 to demobilization
Reinforced the 22nd (French Canadian) Battalion Jan. 4, 1917 to demobilization
Reinforced the 24th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion Jan. 4, 1917 to demobilzation
Reinforced the 60th (Victoria Rifles) Battalion Jan. 4, 1917 to April 30, 1917
Reinforced the 87th (Canadian Grenadier Guards) Battalion May, 11, 1917 to demobilization (this Battalion also received 55 other ranks direct from the 117th Battalion)
CSM Frank Nagle, #63672, 3rd Battalion
Killed In Action June 13, 1916
A draft of Military Service Act, 1917 concripts from the Quebec Regiment, 1st Depot Battalion, Montreal sailed on the S.S. Scandinavian March 25, 1918 arriving in England April 3, 1918. The total size of this draft at present is unknown probably about 500 soldiers. What is known is that 140 of this draft were channelled throught the 23rd Reserve Battalion into the 14th (Royal Montreal) Battalion. Of this draft of 140 soldiers, according to Michel Gravel, 100 were casualties with 22 deaths – all within the last 100 days of the war! The 23rd Reserve Battalion absorbed the 244th (Kitchener’s Own) Battalion which sailed with 27 officers and 604 other ranks, two weeks after their arrival at Shoreham on April 21, 1917. On May 14,1917 the 23rd absorbed the 245th (Canadian Grenadier Guards) Battalion from Montreal, which had sailed with 16 officers and 274 other ranks. On May 11, 1917, the 199th (Duchess of Connaught’s Own Irish Canadian Rangers) Battalion, which had been designated for the 15th Brigade, 5th Canadian Infantry Division and the 22nd Canadian Reserve Battalion (which was having difficulty attracting French speaking recruits) were absorbed and the 23rd was re-designated the 23rd Reserve Battalion (199th Duchess of Connaught’s Own Irish Canadian Rangers) under Canadian Routine Orders 1378.
The 23rd Reserve Battalion continued to use the 61… to 64… bank of service numbers they had originally been assigned in Canada, to use with all new recruits they secured in England. We think that recruiting of English men, while in training in England occurred either because some of these men worked at occupations required by the Battalion i.e. shoemaker, tailor, baker, or soldiers were recruited who expressed a strong interest to emigrate to Canada after the war and/or had family already living in Canada.
The 23rd Reserve Battalion would move twice more, to Bramshott on October 11, 1917 and to Ripon on Feb. 2, 1919 before returning to Canada on July 4, 1919. The 23rd Reserve Battalion was disbanded by General Order 149 dated Sept. 15, 1920.
The 23rd Battalion was perpetuated by the 2nd Battalion, The Royal Montreal Regiment, and then The Royal Montreal Regiment (M.G.) and is currently perpetuated by The Royal Montreal Regiment.


Officer in Command

Lieut.-Col. Frank W. Fisher, R.O. 58th. Westmount Regt.


Lieut.-Col. F.C. Bowen, 53rd Regt; Major S.H. Hill, 8th Royal Rifles O.& I.C.C.


Lieut. A.T. Powell, R.O.


Hon. Lieut. C. J. Charlton

PaymasterLieut. E.J. Griffith, 1st C.G.G.


D.A. Mackay, R.O.


C.E. Shirley, 6th Hussars ; C.T.W. Etches, 64th Regt.


G.G. Mitchell 1st C.G.G. ; J.H. Richardson 1st C.G.G.; H.A. Chisholm, MC, 1st C.G.G.; J.R. Anderson 1st C.G.G.; E.deL. Buchanan 1st C.G.G.; G.L. Dobbin 58th Westmount Regt.; M.N. Burk 58th Westmount Regt.; N.A. Edwards 58th Westmount Regt.; L.A. Johnston 58th Westmount Regt.; H. Lyle 103rd Regt.; R.S. Smith, R.O; E.J. Griffith, 1st C.G.G.; J.H. Richardson, 1st C.G.G.; W.W. Weston, 1st C.G.G.
Lieut. Whitford Wells Weston, 3rd Battalion
Killed In Action June 13, 1916

Baldwin, C.Y.                      Lt.           Enl. Edmonton
Beardmore, L                     Lt
Chisholm, H.A.                    Lt            Transferred to 3rd Bn
Chitty, R.M.W.                    Lt
Clarke, C.L.                         Lt            Transferred to 3rd Bn
Davidson, J.A.                     Lt            Transferred from 35th Bn
Dion, S.A.                              Lt            Transferred to 3rd Bn 
Dobbin, G.L.                        Lt            Transferred to 14th Bn
Dymond, J.M.                      Lt
Edwards, N.A.                     Lt            Transferred to PPCLI  KIA May 8, 1915 David Bluestein/medals
Evans, D.J.                           Lt
Evans, T.A.                          Lt
Evans, J.H.R.                       Capt
Godwin, R.                           Lt            Transferred to 14th Bn
Holt, A.P.                              Capt
Johnston, L.A.                     Lt            Transferred to 14th Bn
Kelly, N.P.                            Lt            Transferred to 3rd Bn
Kirkconnell                         Lt
Lemesaurier, G.S.              Lt
MacKenzie, G.L.                Lt            Transferred from 35th Bn

MacKenzie, T.R. Capt

Major, A.F.                          Lt
McCombe, G                       Capt
Mason, D.M.C.                    Capt       Transferred to 3rd Bn ?
Pilcher, J.W.                        Capt
Powell, Allan T.                  Capt        23rd Bn Adjutant
Price, C.B.                            Lt
Ranger, E.                            Maj
Reid, G.E.                             Lt            Transferred to 3rd Bn
Richardson, J.H.                 Capt        Transferred to 14th Bn
Robertson, I. G.                   Lt            Transferred to 14th Bn

Shirley, C.E.                        Capt        Transferred to 3rd Bn

Smith, H.H.                          Capt

Smith, R.S.                            Capt       Transferred to 14th Bn

Sumption, J.F.                     Capt        Transferred to 14th Bn
Weston, W.W.                      Lt            Transferred to 3rd Bn KIA
Whitehead, E.A.                  Lt
Woodside, H.J.                    Maj

This blog is sort of a compilation from a number of different sources. Therefore parts may be somewhat repetitive and not flowing in an ideal literary manner. I apologize for that. However  hopefully the intent (to illustrate early reinforcement sources for the 1st Canadian Division) achieved success.