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Monday, July 30, 2012


This is a story about cowboys, the settlement of Western Canada, British nobility, brave soldiers and an Ontario family of overachievers. Our story begins with the original column of Joe Fiorito in the Toronto Star about the finding of the long-lost grave of Private Bertie Nakogee. A Toronto firefighter, Bob Clarke, read this column and through Joe, contacted me. He had in his possession an old Saratoga steamer trunk that had been given to him by a Raike family member from near Orillia. This large trunk bore the initials E.J.V. in black lettering on each end. Bob explained on the phone that the trunk had belonged to Captain Edward John Vessey, a World War One soldier that had lived with the Raike family and who had been killed in the war. He asked if I had any interest in it as he had no room for it. Recently it was dropped off and now holds a temporary place in my garage until I complete space in the basement.
Captain Edward John Vessey, 60th Battalion
Edward John Vessey was a 27 year old senior executive within the Bank of Montreal head office in Montreal in 1914 holding the title of Private Secretary to Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor, General Manager and apparently thought of very highly in the bank's future. While working for the bank, Edward enlisted in the newly-formed (August 1914) 58th Regiment Westmount Rifles militia.  Edward took a leave of absence from the bank September 1915 and attested to the 60th (Victoria Rifles of Canada) Battalion, C.E.F. with the rank of Captain then training in Camp Valcartier. An imposing figure at 6' 2" and 180 pounds, he listed his birthplace as Barnstaple (Devon), England and next of kin as George Raikes (b.1852, Barrie, ON. He accompanied the battalion commanded by Lt.-Col. F.Arthur de L.Gascoigne to England on the S.S. Scandinavian in early November. The battalion went into training in Shorncliffe Camp with Captain Vessey being assigned to the Canadian Military School 3-month Officer's Course then accompanied his battalion February 20 into France. The 60th Battalion had been assigned to the 9th Brigade, 3rd Canadian Battalion, heading to France. Captain Vessey graduated from his Captain's training course "1st in Class Order of Merit, Distinguished in Tactics, Topography, Engineering, Administration, Organization and Law". An outstanding officer prepared for combat and possibly a future Commanding Officer.
Richard Raikes M.D., O.B.E. and wife, Lucy,
 St. James Anglican Cemetery, Penetanguishine, ON
The Captain's early years are a bit of a mystery. He listed his birthplace as Barnstaple, Devon, England however I can find no birth with his name in this location. There is however a Edward John Vessey born early 1887 in Astor, Erdington, Warwickshire, a town in the Midlands. I have ordered this birth certificate to obtain further information. Likewise I can not definitely confirm our man on any U.K. census at this time. Next we find 5 year old Edward J. Vessey on the Canadian Passenger Lists 1865-1935 as arriving July 30, 1892 on the S.S. Circassian Liverpool/Montreal accompanied by a Miss. Mary Raikes. We also have found Mary Raikes on the incoming UK Passenger Lists arriving Southampton from New York on the S.S. Minnehaha January 23, 1905. Presumably this Mary Raikes was the daughter of Walter Raikes (b.1824) and possibly the niece of George Raikes. While is is not my intention to provide a Raikes family history, they could certainly be considered as an influential family throughout the 1800's in Simcoe County. Walter and Jane Raikes (born England) owned a large and prosperous farm in Oro Township (Shanty Bay). They appear to have had three sons: George (farmer Oro, b. 1852); Richard (physician - Midland, b. 1859); Harry (rancher and cowboy - Red Deer, b. 1862) and three daughters: Fanny (b. 1853); Georgina (b.1859) and Mary (b.1856). Harry (Henry)  and his son homesteaded tracts of land in Alberta and was at various times a large ranch owner, manager of a huge cattle operation and an influential citizen. Mr. Walter Raikes was the 4th son of George Raikes, Honourable East India Service Company Service (by his wife Marianne, daughter of Issac Currie) and a nephew paternally of Lady William Fitzroy and maternally of Raikes Currie, Esq., M.P., J.P.., D.L., of Minley Manor, Hants. Mr. George Raikes was the 4th son of Thomas Raikes, Governor of the Bank of England, by his wife Charlotte, dau. of the Hon.Henry Finch, son of Daniel, Earl of Winchelsea. Quit a pedigree for the Raikes family! So it was into this family that our young Edward John Vessey was brought in 1905. Although George's wife Annette (nee Saunders, b. 1870) died Feb. 15, 1906 after bearing children in 1900, 1902 and 1904, Edward was brought into the family and according to various sources, adopted by George Raikes (who himself died 1919). George was possibly married earlier as there is another son listed born 1886, mother unknown. This son was Walter George Raikes, born 1887 who died in 1908 by choking.

The 60th (Victoria Rifles of Canada) was the second C.E.F. Battalion formed by this prestigious regiment, the first being the 24th Battalion serving in the 2nd Canadian Division. The 60th sent an early reinforcement draft of 250 men August 27,1916 with the main body sailing from Montreal on the S.S. Scandinavian November 6, 1916. This reinforcement draft may well as contributed to the ultimate demise of the battalion as after valiantly fighting within the 9th Brigade, 3rd Canadian Division, on April 30, 1917 the unit was disbanded supposedly for lack of "French speaking" reinforcements from Montreal. A bit strange as the 60th, Battalion for the most part, were composed entirely of English speaking personnel.

And so Captain Vessey accompanied the 60th Battalion when they entered France February 21, 1916. He was Captain of "D" Company. According to the profiles contained in The Bank of Montreal's Memorial of the Great War 1914-1918, A Record of Service, "at Hooge, Belgium (Battle of Mount Sorrel, June 2-14, 1916) , on June 3, 1916, his battalion was heavily shelled and suffered many casualties.(after relieving the P.P.C.L.I.) Orders came to reduce the garrison in the front line and to move into a communication trench nearby. He had just completed the removal of his men when he was instantly killed by an enemy machine-gun bullet" early morning June 4. Captain Edward John Vessey was buried in the Menin Road South Military Cemetery, located outside of Ypres, Belgium. There is a photo collection relating to the Captain on the Veterans Affairs Canada Virtual Memory website. His medals (British War medal, Victory medal), Memorial Plaque and Scroll were sent to his "foster-brother" Campbell Dyce Raikes in Oro Township. No Memorial Cross was issued as he was unmarried and his mother had "predeceased" him.
Interestingly, Edward's adopted uncle, Richard Raikes, CAMC,  enlisted September 22, 1914 Valcartier as the Medical Officer of the 4th Battalion, serving through much of the war only to die April 7, 1926 in Penetanguishine, ON. Two of his cousins served as well (sons of  Harry in Alberta):  Lieutenant Walter Henry Raikes #116396, joined the 11 Canadian Mounted Rifles, serving in the 47th Battalion, also direct from the Bank of Montreal, later raising to the rank of Captain Observer No.4 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps. Brother of Walter, Cecil Raikes #117492 enlisted in the 12th CMR in Red Deer. He was gassed twice while serving in France.

So this is the history of my valued trunk. Captain Vessey would had used it in his journey to England and possibly while in France. It would have been sent back to his home in Oro Township after his death, containing his officers effects. Another brave soldier R.I.P.

Once again, thanks to Marika Pirie for the posting of the newspaper clipping and the excerpt from the Bank of Montreal Memorial Roll. Thanks to Marg Liessens for the grave photo parked on the VAC Virtual Memorial site and to Toronto firefighter, Bob Clarke, for sharing the history of the trunk.


I received the birth certificate today (July 31, 2012) for Edward John Vessey. His birthday is the same as shown on the attestation paper so there can be no doubt this is the same man. Born February 26, 1887 in Erdington, Aston, county of Warwick to Richard Edward Vessey, land surveyor and J. Catherine Vessey (formerly Vessey); witnessed by Sarah Andrews, present at birth, Easy Row, Erlington;  George Hill Registrar. That's it! Really doesn't answer anything.

August 8, 2012

Received today a certified copy of the birth certificate. John Edward Vessey was born February 26, 1887 in Aston, Erdington, Warwick, son, to Richard Edward Vessey, land surveyor, and Catherine Vessey (nee Vessey). Witness at birth: Sarah Andrews, Easy Row, Erlington, George Hill, Registrar.

April 30, 2013

It should be noted that Captain Vessey was also a topic subject on the CEF Study Group Forum October 2012. One of our esteemed members has speculated that given the somewhat mysterious circumstances that Edward John Vessey came to be resident in Canada and the more than passing resemblance to the then King of England, King Edward VII, son of Queen Victoria,  perhaps our brave Canadian Captain actually had Royal Blood flowing through him? Comparison photos are to be found on the appropriate thread.

Monday September 1, 2014

Yesterday and strictly by accident coincidence, we discovered the grave of Dr. Richard Raikes, his wife, Lucy, and their infant son, John Keith, in the historic St. James Anglican Cemetery in Penetanguishine, ON

Tuesday, July 24, 2012


It was only after we moved to our new home in Milton, ON several years ago that my wife, Lynn, drew my attention to some of the street signs and the fact that some carried a poppy emblem. On further inquiry with the town, we were to learn that the Town has an approved street name category of naming certain new streets in the town after "local persons having served in various wars". These streets were designated with a colourful red poppy. Apparently the naming of streets after serving veterans is a common practice in many Canadian communities however I suspect affixing a poppy to  street signs I don't think is that common. At first we both assumed that the poppy meant that the soldier for whom the street had been named was killed during a conflict however we soon learned that was not the case.
The junction of Pringle Ave. and Jelinik Terrace, Milton,ON
Our street is named after a former Member of Parliament for Halton, former prominent Oakville business man and champion figure skater Otto Jelinik. I met this man several times and thought him as arrogant and pompous. I didn't like his ultra-Conservative politics so don't I don't take any particular pride in the naming of our street after him especially as he never lived in the town. In addition he left Canada in 1994 returning to the Czech Republic. However, our access main thoroughfare is Pringle Avenue, a street for which the signs carry the poppy emblem. I soon found that the street was named after Charles Henry Pringle #663113, a young man that enlisted in the local 164th Battalion here in the town January 26, 1916. We were also to learn that there are some vague connections with this man and our family. My daughter, Beverly and her young family live on a Royal Air Force based on the edge of the city of Lincoln.
S.S. Dominion, circa. 1906
The attestation paper Charles Henry Pringle signed in Milton January 26, 1916 claims that he was born October 1, 1997 however I believe he was actually born a year later. The one year difference would allow him to enlist in the Canadian Expeditionary Force legally and without a parent's permission. His age at the time of his marriage to Gladys Cradick in Toronto June 20, 1924 was given as 24. He is also listed on the 1901 UK Census as age two. As well in the Library and Archives Canada database for Home Children (1869-1930) there is a Charles Pringle listed who has his is given as seven in 1906. Yes, I believe that Charles Pringle was a Barnardo Boy. One of 379 Barnardo Homes children travelling together on the S.S. Dominion August 1906 destined for homes in Toronto and Peterborough.

Nevertheless Charles H. Pringle was born in the City of Lincoln, Lincolnshire, Walter (b. 1870) and Kate E. Pringle (b.1870), according to the 1901 UK census his age was 2 years making him born in 1899. Their address was 54 Waterside and the couple had three other children at that time: Mabel, age 7; Joseph, age 4 and Millicent, age 6 months. There is a Walter Pringle (born 1870) showing up on the BMD Death Index as dying in Lincoln in the Spring of 1905. Kate's death is listed on the same source as Fall 1928 in the City of Grimsby. However confusing the issue is the fact that a Walter Pringle (head, widower), (b. 1880) and Kate Pringle (sister-in-law, married) (b.1881) show up in the 1911 census as living in Grimsby with three young children (Glady, age 7; Leslie, age 5 and Beatrice, age 4). A Charles Pringle (age 15, b. 1895) is found on in the 1911 Canadian Census as being an inmate of the Victoria Industrial School for Boys, Mimico, ON. I am confident this is our Charles H. Pringle that enlisted in the 164th Battalion. His birthplace is mentioned as Hungate, Lincoln, born October 1, 1897, next of kin sister Mabel, his occupation was a farm laborer who had "a left leg slightly shorter than his right leg".
Barnardo Boys Home distribution centre, Toronto, 1889-1908
The 164th (Halton and Dufferin) Battalion, C.E.F.sailed for England April 1, 1917 commanded by Lieut.-col. Percy Domville on the S.S. Carpathia from Halifax. On arrival, the battalion was assigned to the 13th Brigade, 5th Canadian division based at Witley Camp. However, when the 5th Division was broken up early 1918 for reinforcements for the existing 4 Canadians Divisions, men of the 164th were sent to the 102nd, 116th, 21st, P.P.C.L.I. and the Canadian Machine Gun Depot at Seaford.

It was to this latter unit that young Private Charle H. Pringle was assigned March 7, 1918. By the 31st day of that same month, Charles was dispatched to France and the newly formed 1st Battalion, Canadian Machine Gun Corps as one of 90 ordinary ranks (specialists) immediately taken on strength. His service with the 1st Battalion, CMGC was uninterrupted by either sickness, a wound or otherwise until April 1, 1919 when he was stricken off service, proceeding to England and thence to Canada on the S.S. Empress of Britain, April 26, 1918. He was discharged by "Demobilization" in Toronto May 5, 1919 with his intended resident being 8 Pine Terrace, Queen St. East. His only hospitalization during his entire service was 7 days for a face infection August 1916 while training at Camp Borden, outside of Toronto, while still serving in the 164th Battalion. During the time of his service in France, the 1st Battalion, CMGC supported the 1st Canadian Division in all battles during the war from March 1918 until the Armistice. A number of gallantry awards were awarded to members of the 1st Battalion, CMGC as well as the unit suffered many casualties. so to have Private Charles H. Pringle survive the conflict unscathed is indeed remarkable.The only other information I have located on Charles Pringle after his service is that he married a Gladys Cradick, dressmaker, age 22, native of Toronto in 1920 in Toronto. Their address was listed as 981 Gerrard St. East, his occupation "enameller". Charles then claimed that his parents "both died while groom was an infant". So did the Pringles move back to Milton? Did they remain in Toronto? Questions unanswered as of this writing. I do know that I am very pleased to have our nearby street named "Pringle Avenue, Town of Milton" after this young, brave man.

Thursday, May 31, 2012


Medals of Corporal Samuel Richard Yule

When my daughter, Beverly, who lives in Lincolnshire, U.K. recently sent me a hard-to-find magazine in North America, Britain At War, little did I know it would lead to this blog. For one of the feature articles was titled An East Africa Victoria Cross. When I started to read the article, it reminded that I had a set of medals in my collection that required further research and attributed to a veteran of the Royal Fusiliers who served in East Africa. I wonder....

His Majesty's Troopship Neuralia
Globe Hotel, Collingwood, Ontario
Corporal Samuel Richard Yule was born in London, England June 11, 1881 and had emigrated with wife, Margaret Ellen, an Oxfordshire native whom he had married in 1909, to Toronto on the S.S. Megantic April 22, 1911. They are shown on the 1911 UK Census as living at 78 Portobello Road, Notting Hill, London with Samuel employed as a "vacuum cleaner".  After arriving in Canada, they also show up on the 1911 Canada Census as both being employed as servants and residing in the Grand Union Hotel, 174 Front Street, Toronto. According to his C.E.F. service record, at the time he enlisted August, 1914 into the 3rd (Toronto Regiment) Battalion, he was working as a waiter and in the prestigious Globe Hotel in Collingwood, Ontario and a member of the 2nd Regiment Queen's Own Rifles militia. Samuel's attestation paper shows he served 12 years in the UK with the Royal West Kent Regiment this being confirmed by the Queen's South African Medal with five date clasps in the medal set. Little is known of his West Kent and Boer War service other than he received a gun shot wound from a "pom-pom" in the right hip and was "dragged along in a saddle suffering a knee contusion". He also served overseas other than in South Africa, possibly in India. Private Yule accompanied the 3rd Battalion to England as a Batsman in the Battalion's base company and was with the 3rd Battalion during the winter of 1914-15 while the unit was training on the Salisbury Plain. Private Yule was solicited  by the London Branch of the Legion of Frontiersmen to join the now-forming up of the 25th (Frontiersmen) Service Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment). My research suggests strongly that this was negotiated with the knowledge of the officers in the 3rd Battalion with the result that Private Yule was granted an Honourable Discharge January 30, 1915, by paragraph 392 (XXV) King's Regulations which reads "Cause of discharge: His services no longer required". His military character was described as "Good - but physically unfit for military service". This comment may have been made based on his height which was shown to be 5' 4 1/2" on his attestation paper however other documents claim him as 5' 3" - not inductive to creating a great infantry soldier, certainly not in the 3rd Battalion who were known to be physically selective. For his service in England with the 3rd Battalion, C.E.F. he was given a British War Medal inscribed correctly with his 3rd Battalion information
through their training in Bustard Camp, Salisbury Plains from October, November 1914, and January 1915. However January 18, Samuel was granted 8 days leave. His service record notes on January 30 "Deprived 13 days pay. Absent without leave. Breaking camp remaining absent without leave. Overstaying pass 8 days". At some point, wife Margaret followed him back to England. (however she returned to Canada August 1, 1916 on the S.S. Corinthian as a returning Canadian with a destination of Collingwood and presumably resuming employment at the Globe Hotel).  A previous owner of my medal set made the observation "that he was a deserter" and indeed one of the documents in the service file uses this word. 

Dominion Orthopedic Hospital, Christie St., Toronto
According to his British service record Private Yule enlisted February 13, 1915 in the 25th Service  (Frontiersmen) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers (City of London) with the original service number 12833, presumably the 33rd man enlisted. The stories of  25th (Frontiersmen) Battalion, affectionately known as "Driscoll's Scout's"  in German East Africa are legendary and possibly the subject of a future blog. They were recruited and lead by their commanding officer, Lt. Col. Daniel Patrick Driscoll, C.M.G., D.S.O. who also happened to be the Commandant General of the world-wide movement Legion of the Frontiersmen. He "wanted a mixture of the irregular Scout guerrillas of the Boer War and Commandos. His full biography can be found on-line HERE.The age limit was 25-48 years, but soldiers up to 65 years actually were on the roster". Included were famous African hunters F.C. Selous (64 years old), Martin Ryan, George Outram and Jock Richardson as well as noted African wild life photographer Cherry Kearton. Other members were a British millionaire, American cowboys, a Scottish light-house keeper, a naturalist, a circus clown, an Arctic explorer, an opera singer and a lion tamer. Also of note was the fact that the 25th, Royal Fusiliers were the only Battalion of the British Expeditionary Force to embark and enter the field without training. Although I have not been able to locate a Nominal Roll for the unit (apparently none exists at National Archives, Kew) however I think that perhaps some of the Legion of Frontiersmen that travelled from Saskatchewan August 1914 on the same train as the PPCLI recruits may have ultimately made the rooster of the 25th Battalion. They sailed from London on the S.S. Neuralia, arriving in Mombasa, Kenya May 6, 1915.

Lt. Col.D.P. Driscoll, C.M.G.,D.S.O.
From here on his service record is sparse. Private Yule was treated for malaria and enlarged spleen in August 1915 in hospitals in Nairobi and Cape Town. Presumably he fought in most of the 25th Battalion battles which are outlined on various on-line sites, books and in the article in the May 2012 issue of Britain At War chasing the German Army across East African. This may have included the actions September 3, 1915 at Maktau from which 2nd Lieutenant Wilbur Dartnell was awarded his Victoria Cross. Private Yule was invalided to Cape Town in 1916 after having 20 relapses of malaria. When the Germans had been removed from East African in August 1917, the 25th Battalion was dissolved with members being sent to other units. Subsequently Private Yule served for short periods with the Leinster and Royal Munster Regiments, returned to the U.K. September 1917 before being assigned April, 1918 to the Gloucester Regiment with service number 55101. On July, 1918 he was sent to Royal Defence Corps 267 Company. He received his U.K. discharge March, 1919. "entitled to wear nil wound stripes and two blue chevrons with a very good character". Next of kin was shown as Margaret Yule, 294 South Lambeth Road, London, who must have lived there during the war before her return to Canada in 1916. Samuel Yule was repatriated (assuming at the expense of the British Army) back to Canada on the S.S. Toloa March 9, 1919. For his service with the B.E.F. he was sent a British War Medal, Victory Medal and 1914-1915 Star all correctly inscribed with the information from the Royal Fusiliers. He received a small (20%) pension for 26 weeks due to his bout with malaria. It should be note that according to Ewart Grogan, South African explorer, author and Frontiersmen, in his book Lost Lion of the Empire describes the 25th Battalion as follows; "nineteen months after it's arrival only 60 of the original 1166 Frontiersmen were left alive". Private Samuel Richard Yule was one of those few lucky 60! However his military story does not end here. A full description of the Legion of the Frontiersmen and the 25th (Frontiersmen) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers can be found HERE.
S.S. Toloa, United Fruit Co.
Samuel Richard Yule re-enlisted once again in the C.E.F. May 3, 1919 as Private Yule #2607021 Canadian Army Medical Corps, #2 Depot (Toronto), category B2, listing his address and that of Margaret as 176 King Street, Toronto. On June 3, 1919, he was promoted to Provisional Corporal, with that rank being confirmed as Corporal a short time later. At some point, he received treatment to his right leg from "falling out of an ambulance". May 8, 1920 he was posted to the Dominion Orthopedic Hospital, Christie Street, Toronto and finally demobilized with a final discharge October 31, 1920 at the age of 40. A great souvenir of this hospital exists on-line HERE.Corporal Yule can probably be found in one of the many photographs of the staff found in this illustrated booklet. At this point I can find absolutely no further information on either Samuel Yule or his wife, Margaret. They had no children that I am aware of and presumably continued employed in the hotel industry as waiters.


Since the publishing of this blog, fellow C.E.F. Study Group Forum member, friend and super sleuth, Annette Fulford, has been able to provide more biographical information on Samuel Yule and his service. Most principally, she has found his Boer War service record which provides a wealth of information. Samuel Yule enlisted showing his height as 5' 3 1/2" tall weighing 116 pounds. With a service number of 5923, Samuel served 12 years with the Royal West Kent Regiment, from attesting in London May 17, 1900 in London until his final discharge May 16, 1912 (whilst in Canada). As well as serving over 2 years in South Africa, he was posted to Hong Kong and Singapore respectively over 3 years. The last 4 years of his service were spent in the "First Class of the Army Reserve" thus allowing he and his wife to emigrate to Canada prior to his release. He married Margaret Helen Elizabeth Wilkins, spinster, July 3, 1909 in Calne, Wiltshire (an Army base). His mother was Olivia Yule, 20 Farriday Road, Tabrooke Grove, London 15. He had an older brother, Alfred H. Yule (b.1880) whose medal card I located in National Archives, served in the Middlesex Regiment, December 27, 1914 until demobilization, entitled to the 1915 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal.

As well, Annette located the family in the 1881 Census (prior to Samuel's birth) living in Lambeth with father Samuel H. Yule employed as a "commercial traveller". The family could not be found in the 1891 Census but in the 1901 Census mother Olivia is listed as a widow, with Samuel H. dying December 1890 in the District of St. Olave, London. Wife Margaret's death was located by Annette in the British Columbia Archives as occurring May 3, 1971 at the age of 85, in Victoria, B.C. We haven't located Samuel Richard's date as yet.  Thanks for everything, Annette.